Trading in Contract for Differences (CFD) is a type of derivatives trading, where you can make a profit or loss on the price movement of the underlying. The difference in the settlement between the open and closing trades are cash-settled. There is never any delivery of physical goods or securities in CFD trading.

In essence, when you use CFD:s to speculated you are making a bet on the price of the underlying – will it rise or will it fall? The CFD is a tradable contract between you and your counterpart.

CFD:s are only traded over-the-counter (OTC); they are not listed on exchanges such as NYSE, NASDAQ, LSE, etc.


Why is CFD trading popular?

Through CFD trading, you can gain exposure to things such as shares, stock options, commodities, ETF:s, and more, without having to actually buy and own them. Is it a very easy and convenient way of speculating, and taking a short position is just as simple as taking a long one.

Retail CFD trading

There are many trading sites available online where a person can carry out CFD trading. Even with a small bankroll, it is possible to sign-up, make a deposit and get started. This has made CFD trading a popular hobby in the 21st century.

Important: CFD trading, or retail CFD trading, is illegal in certain jurisdictions. Always check applicable laws in advance.


You wish to gain exposure to an ETF called XYZ, but without actually buying XYZ shares. So, you go to the trading site and buy a CFD on the XYZ. The CFD is for 100 shares in XYZ for $200 per share; the total position is $20,000.

After three months, XYZ is trading at $275 per share. You decide to exit your position and realize the profit: $75 per share. $75 x 100 shares = $7,500.

A CFD is always cash-settled, so your initial $20,000 position and the closing position of $27,500 is netted out. The trading site will simply put your $7,500 profit in your trading account.


Since there is never any delivery of physical goods or securities in CFD trading, the underlying of a CFD can be almost anything with a fluctuating price/level. Shares, stock options, and similar securities are popular as underlying, but the underlying can just as well be something more elusive, like a stock index.


Many trading sites that offer CFD trading also offers leverage CFD trading. Using leverage is the same thing as borrowing money and using the borrowed money for speculation. If you have $100 in your trading account and use leverage to make a $1,000 trade, you have borrowed $900. If you lose everything, you now owe the trading site $900 and are obligated to pay it back by making a new deposit.

Never risk money that you can’t afford to lose!

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